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PUBLICATION ETHICS

    BHARAT PUBLICATION is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record.


    BHARAT PUBLICATION takes issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.
    All journals published by Bharat Publication are committed to publishing only original material, i.e., material that has neither been published elsewhere, nor is under review elsewhere.  Manuscripts that are found to have been plagiarized from a manuscript by other authors, whether published or unpublished, will incur plagiarism sanctions.


    All articles published in any Bharat Publication Journal must represent original work. While under consideration at Bharat Publication Journal, they cannot be submitted for publication elsewhere. This includes the submission of manuscripts derived from the same data in such a manner that there are no substantial differences in the manuscripts. Duplicate submission also includes the submission of the same/similar manuscript in different languages to different journals. Authors should use only citations that are relevant to their manuscripts.  Addition of references which are not relevant to the work is strongly discouraged. Irrelevant self citation to increase one’s citation is unethical.


    Submitted manuscripts that are found to include citations whose primary purpose is to increase the number of citations to a given author’s work, or to articles published in a particular journal, will incur citation manipulation sanctions.


    Authors should declare that all work in their submitted piece is original, and cite content from other sources appropriately to avoid plagiarism.
    Authors should inform the editor or publisher if there is a significant error in their published piece, and work with the editor to publish an erratum, addendum or retraction where necessary.


    It is the responsibility of the author to ensure that all authors that contributed to the work are fairly acknowledged and that the published author list accurately reflects individual contributions. 


    Authors must avoid making defamatory statements in submitted articles which could be construed as impugning any person's reputation.
    Fabrication, manipulation or falsification of data is a violation of this publication ethics.


     The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed journal is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method.


    It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, the publisher and the society of society-owned or sponsored journals.